Maritime transports have land-based foundations that are called ports. It is in ports where ships come in and where the people unload and load the good. It is also where all the route-finding needs are provided for.
Significance of ports in the economy
Ports are the common boundaries for types of maritime transport. But even so, ports also face rivalry that is slowly increasing and consequently, those that present an inferior service are being disregarded in the market. Ports are also the boundaries for maritime transport together with other economic sectors. The maritime industry is depended by coastal regions, wherein it is influenced by a local port’s efficiency. Ports supply a vital connection that links the rest of the world with goods and people.
Ports and its policies
A policy on ports has been proposed by the commission and its main aim is to promote efficiency around ports with its ability to operate together. A transparency in port charges amongst ports is required as a rule in the competition. Thus, maritime transport costs are directly affected. The charges should be proportionate with the provided services, as recommended by the Commission. The overall price also has to be specified clearly. Short sea shipping is also concentrated, thus making it more affected by the port charges.
One policy that is intended for the prevention of having one port charge less than its marketplace opponent is the state aid transparency. There has to be a healthy and fair competition between different proprietors thus eliminating the chance to monopolize the market.
As regards to one of the transportation networks, these policies are being identified as being part of the Community network guidelines which lays down some firm conditions that relates to the compliance of common interested projects. Their function could be the stipulation of sea or river access to ports, which links inside the port area and connected to other network essentials. Easier transshipment should be its aim, in all attempts to reduce traffic blocking on land and external costs that are also generated by European transport. One of the aims is to strengthen trade and industry along with its social consistency. It has to supply lasting admittance to some ports that are generally blocked by ice during the winter; ports that are being located at 60 degrees north. Integrating traffic is one of its additional aims, either in a multimodal chain or a transport network or, or even to develop a transport that has non-polluting means.